EU-China Human Rights Dialogue should be strengthened and sharpened, says DROI Chair, Pier Antonio Panzeri (S&D, IT) on the occasion of the China human rights dialogue on 22 June 2017.
“At the recent EU-China Summit (1-2 June), the European Union and China agreed to hold their 35th human rights dialogue on 22 June 2017. In view of the deteriorating human rights situation in China and the need to use every opportunity to engage with our counterparts in a constructive manner, based on mutual respect, we welcome the organisation of this human rights dialogue. The European Parliament expressed its strong concern about the lack of dialogue in 2016 in its resolution of 15 December 2016 and urged the Chinese government to agree to a high-level dialogue in early 2017.
It remains our conviction that a regular and strengthened human rights dialogue, prepared thoroughly, following a well-established pattern and rhythm, allowing for high-level participation from both sides, leading to tangible results, is in the interest of both partners.
The Subcommittee on Human Rights and the European Parliament remain committed to a meaningful debate to enable the EU and its Member States to achieve a strategic, coherent and unified approach to engaging China on human rights. The Subcommittee also stands ready to organise an official visit to China to undertake discussions with the relevant counterparts.
Today, we urge the EU and its Member States to review and sharpen the human rights dialogue with China, with a view to making it more results-oriented, based on clear benchmarks. It will be crucial to ensure both that the perspectives of Chinese and European civil society are fully taken up in the dialogue and that the exchange addresses all important human rights concerns.
Parliament remains concerned by the Chinese government’s continued efforts to silence civil society, including human rights defenders, activists and lawyers. Constitutionally guaranteed fundamental freedoms of expression, assembly and association are systematically violated. Therefore discussions in the human rights dialogue should address the above issues and include the freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly, minority rights as also enshrined in the Chinese constitution, freedom of religion and belief, promotion and protection of human rights defenders, including their participation in international fora and their protection from reprisals, the crackdown on lawyers since July 2015, business and human rights, the death penalty, torture and ill treatment, as well as the ratification and implementation of key conventions such as the ICCPR.
The Subcommittee on Human Rights and the European Parliament also remain highly concerned about all individual cases and situations, particularly those specifically referred to in Parliament’s resolutions, including Ilham Tohti, Liu Xiaobo, Hong Kong and the Larung Gar Buddhist school and monastery and the grave human rights situation in Tibet. We reiterate our call to the Chinese government to resume the dialogue with the representatives of the Dalai Lama.
We urge the EU and its Member States to consistently raise these individual cases and issues with Chinese counterparts also outside the human rights dialogue in their regular exchanges, including on trade and investment. We also encourage China to address these human rights concerns and to release detained human rights defenders and lawyers.
Furthermore, we urge the EU and all its Member States to step up their efforts in using all opportunities at the UN Human Rights Council and all other relevant multilateral fora to address human rights abuses in China and to engage with the Chinese government as part of a constructive and results-oriented approach”.